Die cutting is a fabrication process that uses machines and tools in cutting, forming, and shearing stock material into custom shapes. Some materials that can undergo this fabrication process include paper, chipboard, fabric, plastic, wood, composites, and metal. One benefit of die cutting is that it allows you to mass-produce cut-out materials without using scissors, stencils, or a craft knife, retaining the same shape and dimensions of the die.
The die cutting process is done by a die cutting machine. This machine has a wide variety of sizes and brands that one can choose from. Some of them can be easily brought out, installed, and kept again after each use. Others, alternatively, can be permanently stored on top of a crafting table or workspace. Another varying element of die cutting machines is their basic capabilities. Some of the cutting operation capabilities of die cutting machines include:
Kiss cutting is a type of die cutting process wherein adhesive-lined materials are cut through the face and adhesive layers. However, the backing material layer, which is usually laminated, is not cut through this process. The die cut design is not truly separated from the stock material, but it can be quickly removed from the backing material layer as the die has already cut through the self-adhesive material.
Through cutting is another die cutting process wherein the custom die design is cut through the entire stock material. This process, which is also known as metal-to-metal die cutting, allows the separation of the die cut design from the processed stock material. So, if a plastic with adhesive backing material undergoes through cutting, its die cut design is fully separated from the whole material.
Perforating is a process wherein a die cut design leaves a series of organised punched-in holes on the stock material. This process involves the puncturing of the stock material with the die cutting machine. The holes or perforations are not separated from the stock material completely. However, one can easily detach all the holes that can be found along the perforated lines.
While other die cutting capabilities involve cutting through the stock material, scoring just places an indent, die impression, or partial cut on the material at a single stress point. Scoring only cuts and penetrates less than half of the stock material. Moreover, this process only reduces the thickness of the single stress point, granting it with square profile folds.
Creasing is a process that creates folding points or lines on the stock material for it to be resized or reshaped. Materials processed through creasing are reshaped to obtain an inward bending bulge between two analogous stress points. The stock material is weakened along the designated creasing lines for it to be flexible, which enables it to be folded easily.
Knowing the capabilities of die cutting machines allows you to choose and purchase the best machine for your intended application. For more information about die cutting machine capabilities, just let us know at Triforme. If your product requires a quality finish in the form of hole punches, perforations, or detailed designs, speak with the experts at Triforme.
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